Of the 45 presidents the United States has known since its founding 240 years ago, Donald Trump became the first and only to vote in the House of Representatives on his conviction and then his impeachment in the Senate.
In the wake of the bloody events of January 6, in which hundreds of Trump supporters stormed the Capitol to block the approval of members of the House of Representatives and the Senate for Joe Biden’s victory, the House representatives voted yesterday to condemn the outgoing president.
This development is a quintessential historic event, as Congress has never attempted to impeach and try the president twice for the second time during his tenure.
In a report published on the Al-Jazeera website, his author asked a group of questions that interest readers in everything related to Trump’s conviction and his trial before the Senate to isolate him, and the same site allocated answers to her according to what follows.
Have former US presidents been tried to isolate them?
Yes, this has only happened 3 times. In 1868, the House of Representatives voted in favor of the impeachment of President Andrew Jackson, and after more than 130 years, the House voted in favor of the impeachment of President Bill Clinton in 1998. The last time was over. 2019, when the House of Representatives voted to impeach President Trump over a case. Ukraine.
In all three cases, the Senate acquitted the presidents and continued to exercise their functions.
Has a president ever been convicted and tried twice for the purpose of sacking him?
This has never happened in American history and Trump is the first president in history to be indicted and tried twice during his presidential term.
How did we get to this point?
Trump rejects the 2020 presidential election results and considers his results to have been rigged for his Democratic rival Biden to win, without providing hard evidence. Dozens of courts have decided to dismiss the claims. Ahead of the Jan. 6 vote ratification, Trump called on his supporters to rally in Washington, DC, to protest the latest step in legalizing election results, and he lectured tens of thousands of his supporters calling for surrender in Congress and show their strength.
It was seen as a direct call and incitement to storm Congress after hundreds of Trumpians attacked Capitol Hill in an attempt to block ratification. The assault destroyed federal property, the suspension of Congress for 5 hours, and the murder of 5 people.
What is the approach of the House of Representatives?
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi has submitted a ruling to sentence the president to an impeachment trial in the Senate. The House of Representatives acted as the Attorney General, while the Senate acted as a jury.
The debate continued for several hours among the House members, and Pelosi chose the prosecution team in Trump’s congressional trial led by Representative Jimmy Ruskin. Several members of the Republican Party responded, including the most refused to condemn the president.
End of the session, Pelosi called on members to vote on the president’s sentencing. 232 MPs voted in favor of the resolution, all Democrats added 10 Republicans, while 197 MPs, all Republicans, voted against the resolution.
What is the text of the indictment?
The ruling accused the president of inciting a revolt against the government that threatens the security, safety, and interests of the United States in order to obstruct the peaceful transfer of power, and his attempt to use force to change election results so that the losing candidate becomes the winner.
What is the relationship between the House of Representatives’ decision to condemn Trump to the Vice President’s call to activate Constitutional Amendment No.25?
There is no direct relationship; only it was an attempt by the Democrats to avoid resorting to the option of trying the president. Before a decision was taken to accuse Trump of inciting revolt against the government in preparation for his parliamentary trial, the House of Representatives passed a non-binding resolution calling on Vice President Mike Pence to activate Amendment No. ° 25 of the Constitution in order to impeach Trump. Pence anticipated the vote by refusing to activate the constitutional amendment, considering that this step increases the division between Americans and that Democrats aim behind it for “narrow” political gains.
Amendment 25 indicates a way in which a Vice-President could dismiss the President.
What is the position of members of the Republican Party?
The vote results showed a clear division: 95% of Republican members of the House of Representatives chose to vote against the conviction. In comparison, only 10 (5%) members agreed to vote in favor of the conviction.
Republican Liz Cheney, the third Republican in the House of Representatives, is the most prominent person who voted to condemn the president. And he said in a statement that Trump “summoned this crowd and lit the flame of this attack on the Capitol building on January 6.”
For his part, Kevin McCarthy, the leader of the Republican minority in the House, said he had not seen an investigation and had not held hearings. He questioned the relevance of the Democrats’ approach.
Why were lawmakers determined to try Trump less than a week before his term ends?
Democrats believe they have two options: the first is to ignore what happened and let Trump go quietly on the 20th of this month, and the second to start sentencing proceedings to impeach him in a trial. legislative so that he is an example for others in the future, and in order to respect the rule of law.
Some commentators believe that the implicit goal of Democrats is to work to prevent Trump from any political activity in the future.
What was the basis for the Republican refusal to condemn Trump?
Republicans argue that speeding up such a trial harms democracy and increases division. And they believe that the short time available before the end of the president’s ruling does not allow witnesses to be called or technical experts to be heard. Their leaders believe the Democrats seek revenge on the president and for political gain for their party at the expense of the Republicans.
What’s next after Trump’s conviction?
The passage of the Trump Sentencing Bill prompts the House to submit the bill to Mitch McConnell, Republican Majority Leader in the Senate, to begin proceedings to try the president.
McConnell stressed that it is impossible to conduct a fair or serious trial for the president during the short time that remains in the White House and before the president-elect takes office on the 20th of this month.
Could Trump’s Senate trial begin after Biden takes office?
The constitution’s position is unclear, and some constitutional scholars believe the trial is aimed at impeachment and that the end of Trump’s reign makes impeachment meaningless. On the other hand, others argue that the end of Trump’s sentence does not mean the absence of the trial’s goals. At the same time, some Democrats fear that delaying the start of the trial until after Biden’s inauguration is aimed at obstructing the new president’s agenda and appointments, with which the Senate must begin.
Who runs the Senate if the trial takes place?
The trial is presided over by the President of the Constitutional Court, Justice John Roberts, and the 100 senators who serve as the jury must participate and vote for or against impeachment. Prosecution and defense lawyers present the rationale for their position in dozens of sessions, and the vote is taken at the end of the debate.
Can senates fail to remove the president?
Forcing all Democrats to vote in favor of the impeachment decision, the votes of 18 Republican senators are still needed to pass the resolution, which requires a two-thirds majority, and it is difficult to envision this scenario, and at this point, the impeachment proceedings end in failure.